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Which of the following is NOT considered cash for

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1) Which of the following is NOT considered cash for financial reporting purposes?
A. Coin, currency, and available funds
B. Money orders, certified checks, and personal checks
C. Petty cash funds and change funds
D. Postdated checks and I.O.U.'s

2) What is the preferable presentation of accounts receivable from officers, employees, or affiliated companies on a balance sheet?
a. As offsets to capital.
b. By means of footnotes only.
c. As assets but separately from other receivables.
d. As trade notes and accounts receivable if they otherwise qualify as current assets

3) Which of the following is considered cash?
a. Certificates of deposit (CDs)
b. Money market checking accounts
c. Money market savings certificates
d. Postdated checks

4) If a company employs the gross method of recording accounts receivable from customers, then sales discounts taken should be reported as
a. a deduction from sales in the income statement.
b. an item of "other expense" in the income statement.
c. a deduction from accounts receivable in determining the net realizable value of
accounts receivable.
d. sales discounts forfeited in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement.

5) Assuming that the ideal measure of short-term receivables in the balance sheet is the discounted value of the cash to be received in the future, failure to follow this practice usually does NOT make the balance sheet misleading because
a. most short-term receivables are not interest-bearing.
b. the allowance for uncollectible accounts includes a discount element.
c. the amount of the discount is not material.
d. most receivables can be sold to a bank or factor.

6) Which of the following methods of determining annual bad debt expense best achieves the matching concept?
a. Percentage of sales
b. Percentage of ending accounts receivable
c. Percentage of average accounts receivable
d. Direct write-off

7) The accountant for the Orion Sales Company is preparing the income statement for 2007 and the balance sheet at December 31, 2007. Orion uses the periodic inventory system. The January 1, 2007 merchandise inventory balance will appear
a. only as an asset on the balance sheet.
b. only in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement.
c. as a deduction in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement and as a
current asset on the balance sheet.
d. as an addition in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement and as a
current asset on the balance sheet

8) Eller Co. received merchandise on consignment. As of January 31, Eller included the goods in inventory, but did NOT record the transaction. The effect of this on its financial statements for January 31 would be
a. net income, current assets, and retained earnings were overstated.
b. net income was correct and current assets were understated.
c. net income and current assets were overstated and current liabilities were
understated.
d. net income, current assets, and retained earnings were understated.

9. If the beginning inventory for 2006 is overstated, the effects of this error on cost of goods sold for 2006, net income for 2006, and assets at December 31, 2007, respectively, are
a. overstatement, understatement, overstatement.
b. overstatement, understatement, no effect.
c. understatement, overstatement, overstatement.
d. understatement, overstatement, no effect.

10) Assuming no beginning inventory, what can be said about the trend of inventory prices if cost of goods sold computed when inventory is valued using the FIFO method exceeds cost of goods sold when inventory is valued using the LIFO method?
a. Prices decreased.
b. Prices remained unchanged.
c. Prices increased.
d. Price trend cannot be determined from information given

11) Which method of inventory pricing best approximates specific identification of the actual flow of costs and units in most manufacturing situations?
a. Average cost
b. First-in, first-out
c. Last-in, first-out
d. Base stock

12) All of the following costs should be charged against revenue in the period in which costs are incurred EXCEPT for
a. manufacturing overhead costs for a product manufactured and sold in the same
accounting period.
b. costs which will not benefit any future period.
c. costs from idle manufacturing capacity resulting from an unexpected plant shutdown.
d. costs of normal shrinkage and scrap incurred for the manufacture of a product in ending inventory.

13) In no case can "market" in the lower-of-cost-or-market rule be more than
a. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business.
b. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal.
c. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable
costs of completion and disposal and an allowance for an approximately normal profit
margin.
d. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable
costs of completion and disposal, an allowance for an approximately normal profit
margin, and an adequate reserve for possible future losses.

14) When the direct method is used to record inventory at market
a. there is a direct reduction in the selling price of the product that results in a loss being
recorded on the income statement prior to the sale.
b. a loss is recorded directly in the inventory account by crediting inventory and debiting
loss on inventory decline.
c. only the portion of the loss attributable to inventory sold during the period is recorded
in the financial statements.
d. the market value figure for ending inventory is substituted for cost and the loss is buried in cost of goods sold.

15) An item of inventory purchased this period for $15.00 has been incorrectly written down to its current replacement cost of $10.00. It sells during the following period for $30.00, its normal selling price, with disposal costs of $3.00 and normal profit of $12.00. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
a. The cost of sales of the following year will be understated.
b. The current year's income is understated.
c. The closing inventory of the current year is understated.
d. Income of the following year will be understated.

16) The retail inventory method is based on the assumption that the
a. final inventory and the total of goods available for sale contain the same proportion of high-cost and low-cost ratio goods.
b. ratio of gross margin to sales is approximately the same each period.
c. ratio of cost to retail changes at a constant rate.
d. proportions of markups and markdowns to selling price are the same.

17) A major advantage of the retail inventory method is that it
a. provides reliable results in cases where the distribution of items in the inventory is
different from that of items sold during the period.
b. hides costs from competitors and customers.
c. gives a more accurate statement of inventory costs than other methods.
d. provides a method for inventory control

18) In 2006, Lucas Manufacturing signed a contract with a supplier to purchase raw materials in 2007 for $700,000. Before the December 31, 2006 balance sheet date, the market price for these materials dropped to $510,000. The journal entry to record this situation at December 31, 2006 will result in a credit that should be reported
a. as a valuation account to Inventory on the balance sheet.
b. as a current liability.
c. as an appropriation of retained earnings.
d. on the income statement.

19) The cost of land typically includes the purchase price and all of the following costs EXCEPT
a. grading, filling, draining, and clearing costs.
b. street lights, sewers, and drainage systems cost.
c. private driveways and parking lots.
d. assumption of any liens or mortgages on the property

20) Cotton Hotel Corporation recently purchased Holiday Hotel and the land on which it is located with the plan to tear down the Holiday Hotel and build a new luxury hotel on the site. The cost of the Holiday Hotel should be
a. depreciated over the period from acquisition to the date the hotel is scheduled to be
torn down.
b. written off as an extraordinary loss in the year the hotel is torn down.
c. capitalized as part of the cost of the land.
d. capitalized as part of the cost of the new hotel.

21) If a corporation purchases a lot and building and subsequently tears down the building and uses the property as a parking lot, the proper accounting treatment of the cost of the building would depend on
a. the significance of the cost allocated to the building in relation to the combined cost of
the lot and building.
b. the length of time for which the building was held prior to its demolition.
c. the contemplated future use of the parking lot.
d. the intention of management for the property when the building was acquired.

22) The period of time during which interest must be capitalized ends when
a. the asset is substantially complete and ready for its intended use.
b. no further interest cost is being incurred.
c. the asset is abandoned, sold, or fully depreciated.
d. the activities that are necessary to get the asset ready for its intended use have
begun.

23) Which of the following assets do NOT qualify for capitalization of interest costs incurred during construction of the assets?
a. Assets under construction for an enterprise's own use.
b. Assets intended for sale or lease that are produced as discrete projects.
c. Assets financed through the issuance of long-term debt.
d. Assets not currently undergoing the activities necessary to prepare them for their intended use.

24) When computing the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, the concept of "avoidable interest" refers to
a. the total interest cost actually incurred.
b. a cost of capital charge for stockholders' equity.
c. that portion of total interest cost which would not have been incurred if expenditures for asset construction had not been made.
d. that portion of average accumulated expenditures on which no interest cost was
incurred.

25) The King-Kong Corporation exchanges one plant asset for a similar plant asset and gives cash in the exchange. The exchange is NOT expected to cause a material change in the future cash flows for either entity. If a gain on the disposal of the old asset is indicated, the gain will
a. be reported in the Other Revenues and Gains section of the income statement.
b. effectively reduce the amount to be recorded as the cost of the new asset.
c. effectively increase the amount to be recorded as the cost of the new asset.
d. be credited directly to the owner's capital account

26) When a plant asset is acquired by issuance of common stock, the cost of the plant asset is properly measured by the
a. par value of the stock.
b. stated value of the stock.
c. book value of the stock.
d. market value of the stock.

27) The cost of a nonmonetary asset acquired in exchange for another nonmonetary asset and the exchange has commercial substance is usually recorded at
a. the fair value of the asset given up, and a gain or loss is recognized.
b. the fair value of the asset given up, and a gain but not a loss may be recognized.
c. the fair value of the asset received if it is equally reliable as the fair value of the asset
given up.
d. either the fair value of the asset given up or the asset received, whichever one results
in the largest gain (smallest loss) to the company

28) Which of the following principles best describes the conceptual rationale for the methods of matching depreciation expense with revenues?
a. Associating cause and effect
b. Systematic and rational allocation
c. Immediate recognition
d. Partial recognition

29) If an industrial firm uses the units-of-production method for computing depreciation on its only plant asset, factory machinery, the credit to accumulated depreciation from period to period during the life of the firm will
a. be constant.
b. vary with unit sales.
c. vary with sales revenue.
d. vary with production.

30) Which of the following most accurately reflects the concept of depreciation as used in accounting?
a. The process of charging the decline in value of an economic resource to income in the
period in which the benefit occurred.
b. The process of allocating the cost of tangible assets to expense in a systematic and rational manner to those periods expected to benefit from the use of the asset.
c. A method of allocating asset cost to an expense account in a manner which closely
matches the physical deterioration of the tangible asset involved.
d. An accounting concept that allocates the portion of an asset used up during the year
to the contra asset account for the purpose of properly recording the fair market value
of tangible assets.

ACC422 Final Exam

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