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Melton Corporation is preparing the comparative financial

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P16-6 (Basic EPS: Two-Year Presentation) Melton Corporation is preparing the comparative financial
statements for the annual report to its shareholders for fiscal years ended May 31, 2010, and May 31, 2011.

The income from operations for each year was $1,800,000 and $2,500,000, respectively. In both years, the company incurred a 10% interest expense on $2,400,000 of debt, an obligation that requires interest-only payments for 5 years. The company experienced a loss of $600,000 from a fire in its Scotsland facility in February 2011, which was determined to be an extraordinary loss. The company uses a 40% effective tax rate for income taxes.

The capital structure of Melton Corporation on June 1, 2009, consisted of 1 million shares of common
stock outstanding and 20,000 shares of $50 par value, 6%, cumulative preferred stock. There were no
preferred dividends in arrears, and the company had not issued any convertible securities, options, or
warrants. On October 1, 2009, Melton sold an additional 500,000 shares of the common stock at $20 per share. Melton distributed a 20% stock dividend on the common shares outstanding on January 1, 2010. On December 1, 2010, Melton was able to sell an additional 800,000 shares of the common stock at $22 per share. These were the only common stock transactions that occurred during the two fiscal years.

Instructions
(a) Identify whether the capital structure at Melton Corporation is a simple or complex capital structure,
and explain why.
(b) Determine the weighted-average number of shares that Melton Corporation would use in calculating
earnings per share for the fiscal year ended
(1) May 31, 2010.
(2) May 31, 2011.
(c) Prepare, in good form, a comparative income statement, beginning with income from operations,
for Melton Corporation for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2010, and May 31, 2011. This statement
will be included in Melton’s annual report and should display the appropriate earnings per share
presentations.

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