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**Exercise 16-1 : Identifying cash inflows and outflows**

Indicate which of the following items will result in cash inflows and which will result in cash outflows. The first one is shown as an example.

Item Type of Cash Flow

a. Initial investment Outflow

b. Salvage values

c. Recovery of working capital

d. Incremental expenses

e. Working capital commitments

f. Cost savings

g. Incremental revenue

**Exercise 16-2 : Determining the present value of a lump-sum future cash receipt**

Stan Sweeney turned 20 years old today. His grandfather established a trust fund that will pay

Mr. Sweeney $80,000 on his next birthday. However, Stan needs money today to start his college

education. His father is willing to help and has agreed to give Stan the present value of the future

cash inflow, assuming a 10 percent rate of return.

Required

a. Use a present value table to determine the amount of cash that Stan Sweeney’s father should

give him.

b. Use an algebraic formula to prove that the present value of the trust fund (the amount of

cash computed in Requirement a) is equal to its $80,000 future value

**Exercise 16-3 : Determining the present value of a lump-sum future cash receipt**

Marsha Bittner expects to receive a $600,000 cash benefit when she retires five years from today.

Ms. Bittner’s employer has offered an early retirement incentive by agreeing to pay her $360,000

today if she agrees to retire immediately. Ms. Bittner desires to earn a rate of return of 12 percent.

Required

a. Assuming that the retirement benefit is the only consideration in making the retirement decision,

should Ms. Bittner accept her employer’s offer?

b. Identify the factors that cause the present value of the retirement benefit to be less than

$600,000.

**Exercise 16-5 : Determining net present value**

Metro Shuttle Inc. is considering investing in two new vans that are expected to generate combined

cash inflows of $28,000 per year. The vans’ combined purchase price is $91,000. The expected

life and salvage value of each are four years and $21,000, respectively. Metro Shuttle has

an average cost of capital of 14 percent.

Required

a. Calculate the net present value of the investment opportunity.

b. Indicate whether the investment opportunity is expected to earn a return that is above or

below the cost of capital and whether it should be accepted.

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